Advanced RPL Clinic by SJS IVF Jalandhar
Recurrent Pregnancy loss is a condition when a woman has 2 or more miscarriages before the pregnancies reach 20 weeks.
There are a variety of reasons why women may have more than one miscarriage:
Many early miscarriages (the ones that happen in the first 3 months of pregnancy) are due to genetic abnormalities in the embryo or fetus. Normally, there are 46 chromosomes that contain the genes for normal development. Many early miscarriages happen because the fetus has an extra chromosome or one is missing. For example, babies with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes. Chromosome abnormalities occur for no known reason in up to 60% of first-trimester miscarriages. Genetic abnormalities typically do not allow development into a healthy baby.
A problem with the shape of a woman’s uterus might be a cause for pregnancy loss. Having a band of tissue inside the uterus, called a septum, can make the inside of the uterus too small. Women born with a septum may have more frequent miscarriages. Fibroids, benign muscle tumors of the uterus, are common. These can lead to miscarriages if they grow into or near the uterine cavity.
Smoking increases the risk for RPL. Using certain recreational drugs such as cocaine can also lead to miscarriage. Being overweight has been linked with RPL as well as other pregnancy complications. Excessive alcohol or caffeine intake might be linked with RPL.
Untreated medical conditions, such as thyroid disease or diabetes, can increase the risk for miscarriage. Abnormalities of the immune system or blood-clotting system (thrombophilia) can also cause RPL.
In over half of RPL cases, doctors cannot find the cause for losses. However, many of these may be due to genetic abnormalities.
At SJS IVF we provide
- Gynecologic consultation
- Investigation of recurrent early or late miscarriage
- Chromosomal assessment of previous miscarriages
- Office hysteroscopy
- Surgical correction of uterine abnormalities
- Internal medicine consultation
- Ultrasound monitoring in early pregnancy